List Of Bible Translation Abbreviations


The Earliest Bibles

DSSDead Sea Scrolls, remains of an ancient Jewish library, written in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. The library includes Hebrew Bible manuscripts, as well as Apocrypha and other Jewish literature of the period. (2nd cent. B.C. – 1st cent. A.D.).

English translation: The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation. Rev. ed. Trans. Michael Wise, Martin Abegg Jr. and Edward Cook. HarperOne, 2005.

LXXSeptuagint: the Greek version of the Hebrew Bible, begun by 72 Jewish scribes in early 3rd century B.C. and in general use by the mid-2nd century B.C. The final version included the Apocrypha.

ABP: The Apostolic Bible Polyglot, Charles Van der Pool (2006). An interlinear of the Greek Tanakh (no Apocrypha), with English translation.Download.

CATSS: Computer Assisted Tools for Septuagint Study, prepared by the Center for Computer Analysis of Texts, University of Pennsylvania (1995, 2004); available at Unbound Bible.

Elpenor: Bilingual LXX with English translation of L.C.L. Brenton (1851)

LXX2012: Septuagint in American English 2012 (1885, 2012),

NETS: New English Translation of the Septuagint (2009)

MTMasoretic Text (the traditional text of the Hebrew Bible, which may be dated to Rabbi Akiva’s efforts to standardize the Hebrew canon in the early 2nd century A.D. Extant MSS only date to the 10th cent. A.D.)
SSyriac (the Bible in Syrian Aramaic; the Tanakh was first translated by Jews, probably Messianic Jews, in the late 1st century to early 2nd century, and the Besekh by Christians in the late 2nd century.
TTargums, Aramaic translation of the Tanakh with interpretative comments (Extant MSS dated to 70-135 A.D., although such translation existed in an oral form a long time before that, which Jewish authorities date to the time of Ezra.) Online with English translation.
V or VulJerome, Biblica Sacra Vulgata (the Latin version of the Bible, A.D. 405)

Who Wrote The Bible?

Greek Texts of the Besekh

TRTextus Receptus (“Received Text”, 1633 ed. of Erasmus’ Greek text of 1516). This Greek text is the basis for the KJV. Online (1894 ed.)
WH-TextThe New Testament in Greek, B.F. Westcott & F.J.A. Hort (1881; incorporated reading of newly discovered early manuscripts) Online


Majority Text (AKA Byzantine Text; consists of the largest number of surviving manuscripts, though not the oldest.) NKJV uses the abbreviation M-Text.
NA21—28Novum Testamentum Graece. ed. Eberhard Nestle, Erwin Nestle, Kurt Aland, et. al. American Bible Society and the British and Foreign Bible Society. (NA1, 1898; NA13, 1927; NA21, 1952; NA25, 1963; NA26, 1975; NA27, 1993; NA28, 2012). This Greek text incorporates the reading of the earliest manuscripts and is generally followed by modern Bible versions. The differences between editions are largely the textual apparatus added listing variant readings of interest to translators and Greek scholars.
UBS1—4The Greek New Testament. ed. Kurt Aland, Bruce Metzger, et. al. United Bible Societies. (UBS1, 1966; UBS2, 1968; UBS3, 1975; UBS4, 1993;UBS3 and UBS4 correspond to NA26.)
NU-TextAbbreviation used in the New King James Version to denote the combined reading of the Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament (N) and the United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament (U).

Who Translated The Bible and Why (History Of Bible Translations)

Early Christian (English) Versions (Public Domain) (Online)

BishopThe Bishop’s Bible (1568).
CoverdaleMiles Coverdale, Coverdale Bible (1535).
GNVThe Geneva Bible (1587).
KJVKing James Version, known in Britain as the Authorized Version (1611; revised 1769; based on the TR).
MaceDaniel Mace, New Testament in Greek and English (1729).
TyndaleWilliam Tyndale, Tyndale New Testament (1526).
WesleyJohn Wesley, The New Testament (1790).
WYCJohn Wycliffe, Wycliffe Bible (1395, translated from the Latin).

Who Divided The Bible Into Chapters And Verses? Why And When?

Hebrew Versions of the Besekh

BSI-NTHa’Brit Ha’Chadashah [New Covenant]: Tirgum Chadash. [New Translation]. Bible Society in Israel, 1991. Online. (Modern Hebrew)
DelitzschFranz Delitzsch (1813-1890), Hebrew New Testament. Leipzig, 1877.Online. (Biblical Hebrew)
DHEFranz Delitzsch (1813-1890), The Delitzsch Hebrew-English Gospels. Vine of David, 2011. [English translation by the Messianic Jewish publisher]
HEBHebrew-English Bible. The Bible Society in Israel and the Israel Association for the Dissemination of Biblical Writings, 1996. (Modern Hebrew with English NKJV)
MargoliouthEzekiel Margoliouth, Ha’Brit Ha’Chadashah al pi Mashiach [New Covenant of the Messiah] Public Domain, 1927. Online. (Biblical Hebrew)
SalkinsonIsaac E. Salkinson (1820-1883) and Christian D. Ginsberg (1831-1914), Ha-Berit ha-Hadashah. British Missionary Society, 1886. Online. (19th c. Hebrew)

Modern Christian (English) Versions of the Aramaic Bible (Peshitta)

RothAndrew Gabriel Roth, Aramaic English New Testament (Netzari Press, 2012).
AlexanderVictor Alexander, Aramaic New Testament (2011) Online.
Bauscher, OANTGlenn David Bauscher, The Original Aramaic New Testament in Plain English with Psalms & Proverbs (8th edition; 2013). Online
EtheridgeJohn W. Etheridge, The Peschito Syriac New Testament: Translated into English (1849) Online.
LamsaGeorge Lamsa, The Holy Bible from Ancient Eastern Manuscripts (1957)Online.
MagieraJanet M. Magiera, Aramaic Peshitta New Testament Translation: Messianic Version (Light of the Word Ministry, 2009).
MurdockJames Murdock, A Literal Translation from the Syriac Peshito Version(1852) Online.
Roth, AENTAndrew Gabriel Roth, Aramaic English New Testament (Netzari Press, 2012).
YounanPaul D. Younan, Peshitta Aramaic/English Interlinear New Testament(2000). Online.

List Of Bible Stories In Chronological Order

Modern Christian (English) Versions

AKJVAuthorized King James Version; reproduced by permission of Cambridge University Press, the Crown’s patentee in the UK.
AMPThe Amplified Bible, The Lockman Foundation (2015).
AMPCThe Amplified Bible: Classic Edition, The Lockman Foundation (1987).
ASVAmerican Standard Version (1901; Public Domain)
BBEC. K. Ogden, The Bible in Basic English (1965).
BLBBerean Literal Bible, Bible Hub and Discovery Bible (2015). Online.
BRGBlue Red and Gold Letter Edition Bible, BRG Bible Ministries (2012).
CEBCommon English Bible, Common English Bible (2011).
CEVContemporary English Version, American Bible Society (1995).
CSBChristian Standard Bible, Holman Bible Publishers (2017). (an update of the HCSB)
Darby, DBYJ.N. Darby, Darby Bible (1890; Public Domain).
DHEFranz Delitzsch (1813-1890), The Delitzsch Hebrew Gospels. Vine of David, 2011. (Citation of “DHE” indicates the English translation provided by the publisher.)
DRA/DRBDouay-Rheims Bible, American Edition (1899; Public Domain). [Catholic]
DLNTDisciples Literal New Testament, Michael J. Magill (2011).
EMTVEnglish Majority Text Version: New Testament, trans. Paul W. Esposito (2009). Online.
EHV Evangelical Heritage Version: New Testament & Psalms, The Wartburg Project (Lutheran) (2017).
ERVEasy-to-Read Version, World Bible Translation Center (2006).
ESVThe English Standard Version, Crossway Bibles (2001).
EXBThe Expanded Bible, Thomas Nelson Inc. (2011).
Good News Translation, American Bible Society (1992); formerly known as Today’s English Version (1976).
GoodspeedEdgar J. Goodspeed, The New Testament: An American Translation(1923). Online.
GWGod’s Word, God’s Word to the Nations (1995).
HCSBHolman Christian Standard Bible, Holman Bible Publishers (2003).
HNVMichael Paul Johnson, Hebrew Names Version of the World English Bible(2008). [AKA Messianic Edition of the World English Bible.] Online.
ICBThe Holy Bible, International Children’s Bible, Thomas Nelson (1986, 1988, 1999, 2015).
ISVThe Holy Bible: International Standard Version, ISV Foundation (1996-2012).
JBJerusalem Bible, Darton, Longman & Todd (1966). [Catholic]
JUBJubilee Bible, Life Sentence Publishing (2000, 2001, 2010).
KJ2121st Century King James Version, Deuel Enterprises, Inc. (1994).
KnoxKnox Bible, Westminster Diocese (2012).
LBKenneth Taylor, The Living Bible (1971).
LEBLexham English Bible, Logos Bible Software (2012).
LITVJ.P. Green, Literal Translation of the Holy Bible (1976). Online.
ME-WEBMessianic Edition of the World English Bible, Public Domain (2008). See HNV.
MEVThe Holy Bible, Modern English Version, Military Bible Association (2014).
MLBModern Language Bible: The New Berkeley Version in Modern English, Zondervan Pub. House (1969).
MNT, MoffattJames Moffatt, A New Translation of the Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments, A New Translation (1926). Online.
Mounce-NT or MRINTRobert H. Mounce and William D. Mounce, Mounce Reverse Interlinear New Testament (2011).
MPNTAlfred Marshall, NASB-NIV Parallel New Testament in Greek and English with Interlinear Translation (Zondervan, 1986).
MSGThe Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language, E. H. Peterson (2002).
NABThe New American Bible, USCCB (1986). [Roman Catholic] Online.
NABREThe New American BibleRevised Edition, USCCB (2010). [Roman Catholic]
NASB, NAUNew American Standard Bible, Lockman Foundation (1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977; Updated Edition 1995).
NCVNew Century Version, Thomas Nelson, Inc. (2005).
NEBThe New English Bible, Oxford University Press (1970). Online.
NETThe NET Bible/New English Translation, Biblical Studies Press (2005).
NIRVNew International Reader’s Version, Biblica, Inc. (1998, 2014).
NIVThe New International Version, Biblica, Inc. (1984, 2011).
NJBNew Jerusalem Bible, Doubleday Religion (1999). [Roman Catholic]Online.
NKJVNew King James Version, Thomas Nelson, Inc. (1982).
NLTNew Living Translation, Tyndale House Foundation (1996, 2007).
NLVNew Life Version, Christian Literature International (2006).
NMBNew Matthew Bible, Ruth Magnusson Davis (2016).
NOGThe Names of God Bible, Baker Publishing Group (2011).
NRSVNew Revised Standard Version, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America (1989).
NTENicholas Thomas Wright, New Testament for Everyone (2011).
Phillips, PNTJ. B. Phillips, The New Testament in Modern English (1958). Online.
REBRevised English Bible, Oxford University Press and Cambridge University Press (1989).
REVRevised English Version, Spirit and Truth Fellowship International (2013). Online.
RSVRevised Standard Version, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America (1952, 1971).
RSV-CERevised Standard VersionCatholic Edition (1966, 2006).
RVRevised Version, Oxford University Press (1881-1885). [A British revision of the KJV]
TEVSee GNT above.
TLBThe Living Bible, Kenneth Taylor (1971).
TNIVToday’s New International Version, Biblica, Inc. (2005).
TPTThe Passion Translation. BroadStreet Publishing Group, LLC (2017).
VoiceThe Voice Bible, Thomas Nelson, Inc.; Ecclesia Bible Society (2012).
WBTNoah Webster, Webster’s Bible Translation (1833), revision of the KJV. [Original title: The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments, in the Common Version, With Amendments of the Language]
WEWorldwide English New Testament, SOON Educational Publications (1969, 1971, 1996, 1998).
WEBMichael Paul Johnson, World English Bible (1997).
WMBMichael Paul Johnson, World Messianic Bible (2014); aka Hebrew Names Version (HNV). Online.
WNT or WeymouthRichard Francis Weymouth, Weymouth New Testament (1903). Online.
YLTRobert Young, Young’s Literal Translation (1898; Public Domain).

List Of Names In The Bible & Meaning From A To Z

Modern Messianic Jewish (English) Versions

BSI-NTHa’Brit Ha’Chadashah [New Covenant]: Tirgum Chadash. [New Translation]. Bible Society in Israel, 1991. Online. [Modern Hebrew]
CJBDavid Stern, Complete Jewish Bible (1998).
DHEFranz Delitzsch (1813-1890), The Delitzsch Hebrew-English Gospels. Vine of David, 2011. [English translation by the publisher]
EinspruchHenry Einspruch, The Good News According to Matthew. Lederer Publications, 1964.
GNCHeinrich Walter Cassirer, God’s New Covenant: A New Testament Translation (1989).
HEBHebrew-English Bible, The Bible Society in Israel (1996)  [Parallel Bible with both Tanakh and Besekh in Hebrew with NKJV English text.]
MWDaniel Gruber, The Messianic Writings (2012).
NMVTov Rose, New Messianic Version of the Bible (2013).
OJBPhillip Goble, Orthodox Jewish Bible, Artists for Israel International(2011). Online.
TLVMessianic Jewish Family Bible: Tree of Life Version, Messianic Jewish Family Bible Society (2014). Online.

Modern Non-Messianic Jewish (English) Versions

ASTThe Stone Edition of the Tanach-ArtScroll Series, Mesorah Publications (1996)
CTRThe Complete Tanach with Rashi Commentary , Judaica Press (1993).Online. [Hebrew with English translation by A.J. Rosenberg]
JPSThe Holy Scriptures According to the Masoretic Text, Jewish Publication Society of America (1917). Online.
KJBThe Koren Jerusalem Bible, Koren Publishers Jerusalem (1964). [Hebrew with English translation]
NJPSNew Jewish Publication Society of America Version of the Tanakh (1985). Online.

List Of Bible Stories In Chronological Order

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